Agricultural diseases can decimate your crop if you don’t take the proper preventative steps. Nematodes and other soilborne diseases need to be stopped in their tracks—and the right soil fumigation techniques can make all the difference.
In this blog post, we cover the main benefits of TELONE™ and how combining chloropicrin with TELONE™ yields additional benefits for growers dealing with certain soilborne diseases.
TELONE™ is a preplant soil fumigant that helps farmers improve crop yields by controlling plant parasitic nematodes. It is an effective solution for a range of crops, including:
It’s also valuable for orchard replants. TELONE™ has been used for over 50 years in the agriculture industry, and numerous university studies and field trials back its efficacy.
TELONE™ is a fumigant that contains the active ingredient 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D). When applied correctly, the 1,3-D penetrates the soil, effectively eliminating soilborne pests, including plant parasitic nematodes. 1,3-D works by disrupting the metabolic processes of soilborne pests, preventing them from reproducing and causing damage to crops.
Chloropicrin is a second active ingredient often co-applied or pre-blended with TELONE™. Chloropicrin is a broad-spectrum soil fumigant that helps control a range of soilborne diseases. It’s an effective tool in managing soilborne diseases because of its direct fungicidal and bactericidal activity against soilborne pathogens.
When used together, TELONE™ and chloropicrin provide maximum application flexibility and can be customized based on the specific needs of the crop and soil. Growers are able to use a TELONE™/chloropicrin blended product (example: TELONE™ C35) or co-apply TELONE™ alongside chloropicrin to target both nematodes and soilborne diseases for a powerful combination.
The combination of TELONE™ and chloropicrin has been shown to improve the control of soilborne pathogens and nematodes in various crops. For example, a study conducted by the University of California, Davis, found that the co-application of TELONE™ and chloropicrin reduced the incidence of Fusarium wilt and Verticillium wilt in strawberry plants by 90%.
Another study conducted by Crop Protection in 2022 suggests that “PIC 60 (a mix of nematicide [1,3-D] and fungicide [chloropicrin] active ingredients) is likely an ideal fumigant to apply when laying the plastic mulch because of its broad-spectrum effect.” It goes on to say, “Pepper associated with Pic60 treatment had the highest fruit yield.”
Plant parasitic nematodes are a significant problem for many crops, causing stunted growth, reduced yield, and crop loss. TELONE™ is specifically designed to target plant parasitic nematodes, providing a reliable and effective solution for farmers.
Numerous university studies have shown that TELONE™ is effective at controlling a range of nematodes, including root-knot nematodes, sting nematodes, and lesion nematodes, among others.
Root-knot nematodes: Meloidogyne spp.
Sting nematodes: Belonolaimus spp.
Lesion nematodes: Pratylenchus spp.
Columbia root-knot nematodes: Meloidogyne chitwoodi
Northern root-knot nematodes: Meloidogyne hapla
Chloropicrin is effective against a range of soilborne diseases, including Verticillium wilt, Fusarium wilt, and Rhizoctonia root rot. By targeting these diseases, chloropicrin helps protect crops and improve yield. Chloropicrin works by disrupting the cellular processes of soilborne pathogens, preventing them from causing damage to crops.
Verticillium wilt: Verticillium spp.
Fusarium wilt: Fusarium spp.
Rhizoctonia root rot: Rhizoctonia solani
Pythium root rot: Pythium spp.
Phytophthora root rot: Phytophthora spp.
Using TELONE™ and chloropicrin can help improve soil health, reducing the need for chemical treatments and promoting healthy soil microbiology.
The use of TELONE™ and chloropicrin contribute to soil health by reducing the need for synthetic pesticides while promoting soil biological activity. The fumigants break down quickly in the soil, leaving no residual effects on crops or the environment. Additionally, the reduction in soilborne pests and diseases allows for better root development and nutrient uptake, leading to improved crop growth and yield.
By targeting specific pests and diseases, TELONE™ and chloropicrin allow farmers to reduce the overall amount of chemicals used, reducing their environmental impact. Additionally, by controlling pests and diseases, these fumigants promote healthy soil microbiology, allowing crops to thrive and improving overall soil health.
TELONE™ is a reliable and effective preplant soil fumigant that provides farmers with an excellent solution for controlling plant parasitic nematodes, while chloropicrin is a broad-spectrum fumigant that targets soilborne diseases. When used together, they provide better control of soil pests and diseases, leading to improved soil health and higher crop yields. That’s what we call an effective one-two punch!
The resources and information provided are meant purely for educational discussion, contains only general information about legal matters, and is not to be construed as advice. Please note that any information or resources provided are not legal or regulatory advice, and should not be treated as such. You must not rely on the information provided as an alternative to legal advice from your attorney or other professional services. Teleos Ag encourages readers to consult with counsel, and their local, county, and state regulators. We make no representations or warranties, express or implied, in relation to the information provided through our resources and blog posts. It is the readers responsibility to know the laws related to 1,3- D, appropriate PPE, Licensing, etc., in his or her City, County, State, and Country.